|Title||A single HPLC-PAD-APCI/MS method for the quantitative comparison of phenolic compounds found in leaf, stem, root and fruit extracts of Vaccinium angustifolium.|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Harris CS, Burt AJ, Saleem A, Le PMai, Martineau LC, Haddad PS, Bennett SAL, Arnason JT|
|Keywords||Anti Diabetic Plant Project, Calibration, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Ethanol, Fruit, Mass Spectrometry, Phenols, Plant Extracts, Plant Leaves, Plant Roots, Plant Stems, Reproducibility of Results, Solvents, Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet, Traditional medicine, Vaccinium|
A method was developed for the analysis of Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. (Lowbush blueberry), which is a widely used natural health product, particularly for the treatment of diabetic symptoms. While the anthocyanin content of the fruit has been well characterized, the chemistry of the vegetative parts used in supportive therapy for diabetes has been largely ignored. Using a metabolomics-based approach for compound identification with an emphasis on phenolic metabolites, a single HPLC-PAD-APCI/ MS method was developed for the separation and quantitation of the major metabolites found in the 95% ethanol extracts of leaf, stem, root and fruit. The leaf extract contained high concentrations of chlorogenic acid (approximately 100 microg/mg extract) and a variety of quercetin glycosides that were also detected in the fruit and stem extracts. Flavan-3-ol monomers (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin were found in all plant parts but their procyanidin dimers were exclusively identified in the stem and root. The accuracy and precision of the presented method were corroborated by low intra- and inter-day variations in quantitative results in all plant part extracts. Further validation of the extraction and analytical protocols focused on identified compounds with reputed anti-diabetic activity, revealing recoveries greater than 80% and detection limits of 0.12-2.73 microg/mL.
A single HPLC-PAD-APCI/MS method for the quantitative comparison of phenolic compounds found in leaf, stem, root and fruit extracts of Vaccinium angustifolium.