Psychological Distress Among the Cree of James Bay

Wed, 10/10/2012 - 13:48 -- admin
TitlePsychological Distress Among the Cree of James Bay
Publication TypeResearch
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsKirmayer L, Boothroyd L, Tanner A
Abstract

The object of this study was to identify potential risk and protective factors associated with psychological distress among the Cree of James Bay, through a secondary analysis of data on 1136 Cree (aged 15-85) from a random general population health survey in 1991. In multiple linear regression models, factors significantly associated with reporting more distress in the past week included: younger age, female gender, early loss of a parent or close relative, more life events in the year before the survey, a serious illness or drinking problem in the past year, ever having used cannabis, having more than elementary education, having fewer than five close friends/relatives and residing in an isolated or inland region. Having a good relationship with others in the community and spending more time in the bush were both associated with less distress. The relative importance of these factors varied across age/gender cohorts. We conclude that gender and generational differences should be considered when planning mental health promotion strategies for this population. In addition to more conventional approaches to reduce alcohol abuse, improve coping with loss and increase social support, targeted programs should be developed addressing the impact of education and role strain for women. This article was reprinted in: Kirmayer, L. J., Boothroyd, L. J., Tanner, A., Adelson, N., Robinson, E., & Oblin, C. (2003). Psychological distress among the Cree of James Bay. In P. Boss (Ed.), Family Stress: Classic and Contemporary Readings (pp. 249-264). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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