This study is not directly about the Iiyiyiu anti-diabetic plants. Rather, it looks more broadly at whether plant ingredients can protect nerve cells against damage from something called Platelet-activating factor (PAF). PAF damage is implicated in Alzheimer’s disease, which is the main focus of this study. But PAF damage is also implicated in some of the complications of diabetes, so there is a link to be made. The study looks at whether a particular type of plant ingredients—flavonoids— could help protect nerves against PAF damage. Some (but not all) of the flavonoids being looked at are ones that have been found in the Iiyiyiu antidiabetic plants. In this sense, the anti-diabetic plant work has influenced the choice of flavonoids included in this study.