|Title||Emiyuu Ayayaachiit Awaash Project = Active Kids Project|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Willows NDianne, Downs SM, Marshall D, Raine KD, McCargor L, Ng C, Arnold A, Denise R|
Prof. Noreen Willows of the Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science who is also a member of the Canadian Obesity Network (CON), has partnered with the Cree Board of Health and Social Services and Cree communities to study obesity in children from the Eeyou Istchee Cree communities in James Bay, Quebec. In the study, dubbed by community members as the "Emiyuu Ayayaachiit Awaash Project" (Active Kids Project), she and her collaborators assessed 205 children in grades 4 to 6 representing 89 per cent of those in the age range. They measured levels of obesity, physical activity, fitness and adiposity (fat tissue) in the participants. Body-mass categories (e.g., overweight, obese) were assigned using guidelines from the International Obesity Task Force and based on the body mass and height of each child. Adiposity was calculated from waist circumference and skin fold thickness. The fitness and physical activity of the children were determined by using sprinting exercises and counting the number of steps a child walked daily. The study found that half of the Cree children had waist measurements that either met or exceeded those of 85 per cent of typical American children. In addition, just slightly more than half of the children met physical activity recommendations for their age.