|Title||Le statut en acide eicosapentaénoïque est associé à des valeurs plus élevées de l’indice calcanéen ultrasonore stiffness chez les femmes autochtones : résultats d’une étude longitudinale et de deux études transversales|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Paunescu A-C, Ayotte P, Dewailly E, Dodin S|
|Keywords||Aboriginal women, cross-sectional study, environmental health, longitudinal study, multi community, polyunsaturated fatty acids, stiffness index|
Several studies have reported that the status in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and the omega-3/omega-6 PUFA ratio are positively related to bone health. This study aimed at examining the relationship between the status of different PUFAs and bone strength expressed by the stiffness index (SI) among indigenous women in northern Canada and Greenland, whose diets are rich in PUFAs compared to those of non-Aboriginals. Our study includes 118 Inuit women from Nuuk (Greenland), 195 Inuit women from Nunavik (Canada), and 249 Cree women of from East James Bay (Canada). Projects in Nunavik and in the Cree communities had a cross-sectional design and the Greenland project, a longitudinal design. The content of some PUFAs phospholipids of erythrocyte membranes was measured after transmethylation by gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detector. Stiffness index was measured by ultrasound at the right calcaneus with a water-bath Achilles Lunar instrument (Greenland) or anAchilles Insight instrument (Nunavik, East James Bay). Relations between SI and various PUFAs were studied using multiple linear regression analyses. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) was positively and significantly associated with SI (log), even after adjustment for several confounders and covariates in all three projects. A high EPA status, resulting mainly from the consumption of fatty fish or marine mammal fat, seems to have a positive effect on bone strength measured by ultrasonography among Aboriginal women from three different populations.
Le statut en acide eicosapentaénoïque est associé à des valeurs plus élevées de l’indice calcanéen ultrasonore stiffness chez les femmes autochtones : résultats d’une étude longitudinale et de deux études transversales