Bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi are different types of germs which can infect the body. These germs are very small and can usually only be seen directly with special tools like microscopes. Infections can be mild or severe, depending on the type of infection and the health of the person. Many infections make people feel sick quickly after the germ gets in their body (like influenza), others can be in the body a long time before someone feels any symptoms or sickness (like HIV).
By following precautionary measures, we can keep the circle of protection strong to help prevent getting or spreading infections. Public Health has an important role in helping to protect people and communities from infectious diseases.
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Public Health has an important role in helping to protect people and communities from infectious diseases.
In most places, including in Eeyou Istchee, this “health protection” is a specific role for Public Health departments that is mandated under law.
Among many other functions, Public Health teams work to:
- Monitor and investigate cases of many infectious diseases so that it can be known if there is a new outbreak, or if precautions are keeping an infection under control.
- Provide support and recommendations to various community groups, community entities and to individuals to reduce the spread of those infections, and the health impacts they have on people.
- Analyze the information about infections that is collected over time, to help us better understand how an infection is transmitted, how serious it is, and whether cases are changing over time.