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Hypertension (high blood pressure)

High blood pressure is when the force of the blood in your arteries is higher than normal. Arteries are the blood vessels that move blood from your heart to the rest of your body.  

Hypertension is a chronic condition in which the blood pressure is high most of or all the time.  This can happen because of age, genetics, lifestyle, or other risk factors.  

Constant high pressure in your arteries causes damage to them, and harms other blood vessels and organs especially the heart, the eyes, the kidneys and the brain. If it is not controlled, it can lead to many complications, like heart attack, stroke, or kidney disease.


Blood pressure monitor on a cushion

Blood pressure measurements

Did you know?

  • High blood pressure starts at 140/90 mm Hg or higher for either the top or bottom number
  • If you are measuring your blood pressure at home, it is 135/85 or higher

About hypertension

Prevention and Screening


Finger turning blood pressure monitor on

Healthy blood pressure levels

Did you know?

  • Blood pressure under 120/80 is ideal for healthy people who do not have hypertension
  • For people diagnosed with hypertension, the healthy target is under 140/90. If they also have diabetes, the target is lower at 130/80

Explore more

Through regular medical appointments and monitoring your blood pressure, you can detect high blood pressure early so that you can manage it and pre

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